MINNESOTA ENTERED amateur journalism early, but it never was numerically strong enough to warrant a State association. A local club was formed in Litchfieid in 1895 with Allison Brokaw as President, and it flourished for two years. Its official organ was called L'Etoile Du Nord.
As early as 1854 Clarence E. Judd issued the Post from St. Paul, and in 1858 the Little Joker. In 1868 in Minneapolis William E. Winn and Charles J. Wright published the Owl; and starting in 1869 they issued the Young Minnesotian weekly for three years, printing it on a press of their own make. In 1869 in Winona, John Newton Hind issued the North Star, a paper of much prominence, organ of the first National A.P.A. In Red Wing, in 1873, Edward S. Welles issued the Northern Light, and the same year in Minneapolis Frank B. Stoneman the Amateur Sensation, and in St. Paul Harry Johns the Sunbeam. Minneapolis in 1874 had a large paper called the Gopher, issued by H. W. Kruckberg. In 1883 one of the finest and largest literary magazines in amateur journalism was issued from St. Paul called the Brilliant, edited by Mahlon H. Shelp and Ralph Metcalf. Years later, in 1909, another Gopher appeared, edited by R. R. Strom of Hector.